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  • The US Employment Situation - July 2017

    Employment Situation News Release

    Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until USDL-17-1070
    8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, August 4, 2017

    Technical information:
    Household data: (202) 691-6378 * [email protected] * www.bls.gov/cps
    Establishment data (202) 691-6555 * [email protected] * www.bls.gov/ces

    Media contact: (202) 691-5902 * [email protected]


    Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 209,000 in July, and the unemployment rate
    was little changed at 4.3 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
    Employment increased in food services and drinking places, professional and business
    services, and health care.

    Household Survey Data

    Both the unemployment rate, at 4.3 percent, and the number of unemployed persons, at 7.0
    million, changed little in July. After declining earlier in the year, the unemployment
    rate has shown little movement in recent months. (See table A-1.)

    Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.0 percent), adult
    women (4.0 percent), teenagers (13.2 percent), Whites (3.8 percent), Blacks (7.4 percent),
    Asians (3.8 percent), and Hispanics (5.1 percent) showed little or no change in July.
    (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

    Among the unemployed, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or
    more) was little changed at 1.8 million in July and accounted for 25.9 percent of the
    unemployed. (See table A-12.)

    The labor force participation rate, at 62.9 percent, changed little in July and has shown
    little movement on net over the past year. The employment-population ratio (60.2 percent)
    was also little changed in July but is up by 0.4 percentage point over the year.
    (See table A-1.)

    The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as
    involuntary part-time workers), at 5.3 million, was essentially unchanged in July. These
    individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because
    their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job.
    (See table A-8.)

    In July, 1.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by 321,000
    from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in
    the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in
    the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for
    work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

    Among the marginally attached, there were 536,000 discouraged workers in July, essentially
    unchanged over the year. Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work
    because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.1 million persons
    marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched for work for reasons such
    as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

    Establishment Survey Data

    Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 209,000 in July. Job gains occurred in food
    services and drinking places, professional and business services, and health care.
    Employment growth has averaged 184,000 per month thus far this year, in line with the
    average monthly gain in 2016 (+187,000). (See table B-1.)

    Employment in food services and drinking places rose by 53,000 in July. The industry has
    added 313,000 jobs over the year.

    Professional and business services added 49,000 jobs in July, in line with its average
    monthly job gain over the prior 12 months.

    In July, health care employment increased by 39,000, with job gains occurring in ambulatory
    health care services (+30,000) and hospitals (+7,000). Health care has added 327,000 jobs
    over the past year.

    Employment in mining was essentially unchanged in July (+1,000). From a recent low in
    October 2016 through June, the industry had added an average of 7,000 jobs per month.

    Employment in other major industries, including construction, manufacturing, wholesale
    trade, retail trade, transportation and warehousing, information, financial activities,
    and government, showed little change over the month.

    The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 34.5
    hours in July. In manufacturing, the workweek was also unchanged at 40.9 hours, and
    overtime remained at 3.3 hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory
    employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 33.7 hours for the fourth consecutive month.
    (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

    In July, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 9
    cents to $26.36. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 65 cents, or 2.5
    percent. In July, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory
    employees increased by 6 cents to $22.10. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

    The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for May was revised down from +152,000 to
    +145,000, and the change for June was revised up from +222,000 to +231,000. With these
    revisions, employment gains in May and June combined were 2,000 more than previously
    reported. Monthly revisions result from additional reports received from businesses and
    government agencies since the last published estimates and from the recalculation of
    seasonal factors. Over the past 3 months, job gains have averaged 195,000 per month.

    The Employment Situation for August is scheduled to be released on Friday,
    September 1, 2017, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).

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